Common Symptoms And Causes Of Dizziness

Many parts of our bodies, including the brain, ear, nerves, inner ear in our spine, and feet, all work together to keep us balanced to fight disorders like dizziness. Generally, dizziness is an uncomfortable feeling of being unsteady, lightheaded, and unbalanced.

 Dizziness affects our sensory organs, especially ears and eyes. Therefore, when any part of this specific system is off, we are likely to feel dizzy. Unfortunately, it might be something serious and dangerous if it makes someone fall. Let’s look at significant symptoms and causes of dizziness, so we understand when we should seek emergency medical care.

(A)    Major causes of dizziness

1.    Low blood sugar

Whenever our bodies lack enough blood sugar, every system in our bodies goes on reserve to utilize as little energy much as possible. According to the specialist, systems like the brain will be more affected, making someone feel confused or lightheaded.

 In some cases, a glass of juice might relieve these symptoms. However, it is always advisable to get your blood sugar levels checked, particularly if you need more sugar (glucose) in pill form or intravenous.

2.    Drug side effects

In some cases, medications might make someone feel dizzy.  Particularly for individuals with lower blood pressure will be more affected.  Besides, whenever these medical supplies work too well, they will probably lower someone’s blood pressure, making you faint. The treatment will be as simple as trying a different drug or adjusting the dose.

3.    Stroke or heart attack

Dizziness may be a sign of stroke or heart attack. In many cases the aged adults, dizziness might be the number one symptom of stroke or heart attack. Mainly if this issue does not stop, seek medical attention as soon as possible.

 Some other symptoms of heart attack are accompanied by nausea, back pain, chest pain, etc. On the other hand, apart from dizziness, other symptoms that accompany stroke are numbness, slurred speech, headache, etc.

4.    Dehydration

We might become dehydrated whenever we are overheated, not drinking or eating enough, or preferably someone is sick. Besides, without enough fluids in our bodies, blood volume goes down, keeping someone’s brain from getting enough blood which causes dizziness.

 Essentially, a glass of water will help to make someone feel a bit better.

However, according to the specialist, if you have not been drinking or eating well for some days, it will take more than hydrating. In this case, someone might require an intravenous infusion of fluid. The doctor will check if you need electrolytes such as salt or potassium.

5.    The sudden drop in your blood pressure

The autonomic nervous system aids our bodies to regulate the shift in blood pressure when someone stands up. However, as we age, this system might deteriorate, causing a temporary drop in our blood pressure whenever we stand.

This specific disorder is known as orthostatic hypotension, which causes dizziness. This might be a long-term issue, but there are proven medications to treat it, like; fludrocortisone (Florinef) and midodrine (ProAmatine). So this also will require someone to visit his/her doctor.

6.    Migraine

Some individuals who experience migraines might have episodes of dizziness or other related types of vertigo. Such dizziness can last for about hours and might also get associated with headache, noise, and light sensitivity.

7.    Infection

A viral infection in the vestibular nerve, known as vestibular neuritis, might cause intense, constant dizziness. Besides, the individuals who got sudden hearing loss might get labyrinthitis.

(B) The significant symptoms of dizziness

Individuals who experience dizziness might describe it as any figure of sensations like:

(a)    Feeling faint or lightheaded.

(b)    A feeling of floating, heavy-headedness, or dizziness

(c)    A false sense of spinning or motion ( vertigo)

(d)    Loss of balance or unsteadiness

Besides, some feelings might be worsened or triggered by standing up, walking, or moving your head. However, your dizziness might be accompanied by lots of nausea, fainting, stumbling, double vision, weakness, seizures, slurred speech/confusion, or it so severe or sudden that someone needs to lie or sit down.  Such an episode might last for days, seconds and may recur.


As a result, consider seeing your doctor if you’re experiencing any sudden, recurrent, prolonged, or severe unexplained dizziness. Unfortunately, dizziness might increase the risk of falling and injuring yourself and also increase the possibility of causing accidents when operating big machines or driving a car.

So when you experience any prolonged dizziness, it is always advisable to get an emergency medical check. The above is a comprehensive guide to help you understand the major causes and symptoms of dizziness.

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