Roof System

The Main Problem Areas of a Roof System & How to Inspect Them

The strongest of roofs can have problems. That is why you must inspect them regularly to identify issues and prevent structural damage to your home. The inspection will help you identify potentially vulnerable areas and resolve issues before they become big. Below are some of the common problem areas in a roofing system according to expert roofing and repairs companies:

Overhanging Tree Limbs

Trees can create problems for your roofing system if they are too close to your home. Low-hanging trees can scrap and wear away your shingles, leading to leaks. The leaves and debris from the tree can accumulate on the roof and in the gutters, blocking the flow of water, and leading to it falling over the eavestroughs. In addition, severe storms can also dislodge tree branches, creating long-term damage to the roof’s structure. Trees also provide easy access to birds and animals on your roof. These animals can strip away your roofing materials for their nests or burrow into your roof and create a home for themselves, destroying your roofing system. One way of preventing roof damage by trees is inspecting your roofs regularly. In addition, preventing the trees from interfering with your roof and speaking to experts about tree management around your home can also help prevent damage.

Weathering Defects

Weathering is one of the most common problems with roofing systems. Roofs made with organic materials will be more affected by weathering than those made with inorganic materials. The rate of deterioration will be higher if the area has a larger number of pollutants or industrial materials. Below are ways you can prevent weathering damage to your roofs:

  • Inspect your roof at least once or twice a year to identify problems
  • Ventilate your roofs if they are constructed in areas that are prone to snow and other extreme weather conditions

Wind Defects

Roofs that are located in windy areas could be prone to damage due to the upward pressure that blows up the roof’s edges. The heavy winds could rip off the roofing system or its membrane. You must secure or fasten the roof along its perimeter and the main roof structure to prevent any damage caused by heavy winds.

Problematic Design

Defects caused by problematic roof designs are some of the toughest to fix. Sometimes, these defects may be corrected by replacing the roofing materials. Common roof design issues include:

  • Defective roof slope, sagging, and drainage, leading to accumulation of water and deterioration of the roofing material.
  • Improper design system preventing expansion and contraction of the deck material
  • A weak roofing structure
  • Deflects in the roof due to active loads
  • Incompatible roofing materials

Improper Base Flashing

Base flashing is typically performed at the joint between the roof’s surface and a vertical surface to prevent water penetration. Common base flashing issues that lead to roof defects include:

  • Insufficient height of the flashing
  • Poor adhesion
  • Insufficient coating
  • Loose insulation
  • Incorrect fastening to the surface

To prevent roofing problems due to base flashing, ensure it is installed per the standard specifications and requirements. The flashing should be installed to correctly adhere to the roof surface to prevent any leakage.

Defective Drain Flashing

Improper drain flashing and fewer drain openings can lead to water accumulation causing moisture damage. You must always provide for an overflow scupper to prevent water accumulation during emergencies.

Defective Penetration Flashings

Problems with penetration flashings can also damage your roof. Common issues with penetration flashing include:

  • Improperly finished metal surfaces
  • A deteriorated counter
  • Defective design work
  • Standing water behind penetration curbs

You must ensure that the penetration flashing is properly held to the roof to prevent water clogging and leaking.

Defective Metal Base Flashings

Defective metal base flashings are most commonly found in bituminous roof systems. The materials of the metal flashing and the bitumen have a high contraction and expansion rate that create openings and cracks in the roof. These openings can further lead to water penetration and damage the roof surface. Using a bituminous flashing for a bituminous roofing system can prevent damage caused by defective metal base flashings.

Being proactive about roof inspections and maintenance can save you a lot of time and money. While it may be tempting to inspect and repair your roof by yourself, it is considerably difficult and is best left to the professionals. Professional companies like SSR Roofing can help you with roof inspection, repair, and replacement services. Their experienced team uses only high-quality products and professional equipment and can also help you with your insurance claims.

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