India is a country that is covered with lush, abundant greens and is home to a significant number of wildlife species. India’s culture and age-old traditions involve diverse flora and fauna, along with the worship of the native species found.
Around 23% of the country is forest land, and the county’s rich forests are home to over 200 species of endangered animals. The tiger, a dying species, is a pride of the country and is found across 17 states of the country. Tiger reserves are maintained and held with high esteem, and they actively conserve many species along with different kinds of tigers.
To combat the heavy deforestation and poaching post-independence, the Indian Wildlife Protect Act of 1972 gained high momentum. Since then, many national parks in India have been tasked across the country to protect the pride and natural habitation of the country.
Environmental and Cultural Significance:
Destruction of natural habitat along with hunting during the British rule in India left an impending sense of stress on the forests of the country. Post-independence, India has put a consistent effort through the years to preserve its forests and those who dwelled within it.
Tourism played a massive impact on this, as well. Through creative campaigns and advertisements, the ministry of tourism shaped a well-established tourism plan. Wildlife Tourism allowed a vast amount of money and resources to be used for the conservation and support of local communities and habitations. The protection and conservation laws prevalent today have paved the way for protecting a large population of many species and forest land.
Famous National Parks in India
There are over 50 tiger reserves and national parks in India, which are highly successful today. Here’s a list of the most popular ones:
- Bandhavgarh National Park:
A true sight for sore eyes; the Bandhavgarh national park is a real gem. Located in the Umaria district of M.P, the park flourishes with the wonders of nature and culture; Its mythological significance is a story of immense cultural integrity and the magical park of many Indian epics. The forest is a mixed deciduous forest, home to species like tigers, leopards, sloth bears, Malabar pied hornbill, and the red sand boa amongst others. With multiple jungle safaris, tours, and other fun activities; the national park is a popular tourist spot. Activities also include treks, cultural tours, shopping experiences, and more.
- Corbett National Park:
The national park situated in Nainital, Uttarakhand, spans over 520 sq km along the banks of three rivers. This park is regarded as one of the best bird parks in the world and is known worldwide for its immense beauty and scenic wilderness. It is a place that brings out the best of both worlds, with its relaxing and serene ambiences mixed with the adventurous safaris and wildlife expeditions it has to offer.
The moist deciduous forest is home to a diverse and abundant list of species, including the royal Bengal tiger, Asiatic elephant, the great hornbill, Himalayan rubythroat, and many more. Activities include safaris, treks, rock climbing, temple visits, and many more. Adventure seekers and wildlife lovers consider Corbett national park to be a splendid amalgamation of experiences.
- Ranthambore National park:
Ranthambore national park is a remarkable natural heritage site, located in the state of Rajasthan. The area of Ranthambore was a hunting reserve of the Maharajas of Jaipur. It was once held as an esteemed place where royal hunting parties would take place. The dry, tropical deciduous forest is home to stunning species like the grey langur, rhesus macaque, honey badger, rufous treepie, and more.
Tiger safari is a very popular attraction that brings thousands of tourists every year. Tigers and other wild animal species can be spotted and are often photographed in this park, making it a highly popular spot for wildlife enthusiasts.
- Kaziranga National Park:
The oldest park in Assam, located in the district of Nagaon is a world heritage site. The landscape is filled with tropical moist broadleaf forests, tall elephant grass, and shallow pools that are undisturbed by human presence. The park is home to species like one-horned rhinoceroses, tigers, elephants, monitor lizards, flamingos, and crested serpent eagle, amongst many other species. From various safaris, treks, and bird watching to activities like plantation tours, tribal village visits, and many more activities; there is no lack of excitement in the park.
These are only four national parks in India; a country that is home to more than 50 national parks. One of the biggest pride and heritage of the country is its natural beauty and its dense cultural significance. Sustainable tourism and great laws have provided for establishing such successful conservation spots.
There can be no description good enough to aptly describe the beauty of these spots. The only thing left to do is plan a trip and witness firsthand, the balance and peace that nature has to offer.