What Are the Different Types of Stem Cell Therapy?

In general, the cells in the human body have certain functions that they are supposed to fulfill. However, stem cells are cells that have not yet been assigned specific roles. This means that they can become pretty much any cell that is needed.

Stem cells are general cells that then turn into specific cells, based on what the body requires.

Stem cell therapy can be used to treat different diseases and ailments in people. And there are various types of stem cell therapy worth knowing about.

Luckily for you, we have all of the information you need. So keep on reading and we will walk you through everything that you will want to know!

Sources of Stem Cells

Stem cells come from two primary sources, embryos and adult body tissues. Let’s look at how these two sources differ.

Stem cells originate from two main sources: adult body tissues and embryos. Scientists are also working on ways to develop stem cells from other cells, using genetic “reprogramming” techniques.

Adult Stem Cells

Throughout your life, your body will contain stem cells. The body is going to use these cells whenever it wants.

Also known as somatic stem cells or tissue-specific cells, adult stem cells exist in the body from the time that the embryo develops.

The body is constantly renewing tissues and utilize these stem cells. Stem cells are present in the liver, skin, bone muscles, blood vessels, bone marrow, and the brain.

Unfortunately, it can be hard to find these stem cells.

Embryonic Stem Cells

After an embryo forms, stem cells start to develop. These stem cells can become skin cells, blood cells, or any other kind of cell that is needed.

Stem cells in the embryo can transform into more cells than adult stem cells.

Types of Stem Cells

Stem cells are categorized based on their potential to turn into other kinds of cells. Embryonic stem cells are considered to be the most potent because they have the ability to become any type of cell.

Totipotent stem cells can turn into all kinds of cell types. The first few cells that form as the zygote starts to divide are totipotent.

A pluripotent cell can turn into almost any kind of cell. Cells formed in the early embryo are pluripotent.

A multipotent stem cell can transform into a closely related family of cells. For example, hematopoietic stem cells in an adult can become white and red blood cells or platelets.

Oligopotent stem cells can change into a few different kinds of cells. Adult myeloid or lymphoid are able to do this.

A stem cell that is unipotent can only make cells of one type, which is their own kind. However, they are still considered to be stem cells because they are able to renew themselves. Adult muscle stem cells fit into this category.

Different Types of Stem Cell Therapy

Stem cell transplants can be utilized to help people with diseases like lymphoma. Stem cells don’t serve any single purpose. But they are still important.

First, they can take on the role of any type of cell with the right stimulation. Under the right conditions, they can also regenerate damaged tissue.

This possibility could repair tissue damage and wounds or save lives. Of course, if you are thinking about stem cell therapy, it is important that you consider stem cell injection cost.

Let’s go over some of the different types of stem cell therapy below.

Tissue Regeneration

The most important use of stem cells may very well be tissue regeneration. Until recently, a person who needed something like a new kidney needed to way for a donor and then go through a transplant.

Now, we can instruct stem cells to differentiate in certain ways. This means that they can grow a certain type of organ or tissue.

Today, doctors use stem cells to make new skin tissue which they can use to help burn victims.

Cardiovascular Disease Treatment

Stem cells can also be used to create new blood vessels. The quality of these vessels is very close to natural blood cells. This kind of stem cell therapy can eventually be used to treat people who suffer from vascular and cardiovascular illnesses.

Brain disease treatment

One day, doctors might be able to use replacement tissues and cells to treat brain diseases, like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease.

For example, with Parkinson’s disease, damage to brain cells can lead to uncontrolled muscle movements. Scientists can use stem cells to replenish the brain tissue that is damaged.

This could bring the specialized brain cells that prevent the uncontrolled muscle movements back.

Scientists are also trying to differentiate embryonic stem cells into these kinds of cells.

Cell Deficiency Therapy

Promising research shows that scientists might able to create healthy heart cells with stem cells and transplant them into people with different diseases. These new cells would be able to repair damage to the heart by providing healthy heart tissue.

The Importance of Knowing about the Different Types of Stem Cell Therapy

Hopefully, after reading the above article,e you now have a better idea of what the different types of stem cell therapy are. As we can see, stem cell therapy has both current and future applications that are worth knowing about. This knowledge will be able to help you make better decisions when it comes to your health.

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