The decision of opting for one technology is sort of a deal if you are an outsider. An outsider here refers to a non-IT person with almost negligible knowledge of technology stacks.
However, search for a solution demands a similar approach everywhere, even if the problem doesn’t belong to the technical area.
Every problem first requires to get diagnosed thoroughly, and only then the search for its solution should begin.
Here, in the case of enterprise software development, the objective should be defined well first, and then there are some other aspects that we’ll be discussing here, should be considered for choosing the tech stack.
Let us explore what technologies are available in the market and how we should decide whether which one is an option but inappropriate and which one would be the most appropriate?
Churn out the personal requirements (if any)
Let’s say we need a web solution for hospital and medical care management. For this, the market offers a plethora of options which include a ready-made solution, or a handful of frameworks (tech stacks) to get the same solution built from scratch, or some CMSs to get it built quickly with comparatively less customization.
The requirements depend upon the user/needy, according to which, a technology stack could be opted out. There are many IT consultation services out there offering free consultation for such judgments and analysis.
Determine the scale of your solution
Any application required could be of any scale. But the scale is necessary to be known for choosing a technology stack, the reason being the compatibility of a tech stack. The scale actually has two dimensions and each of them includes a totally different form of expansion.
A horizontal expansion in terms of scalability of a solution simply means that the overall system and its adjoining components are to increase. Like, when a server needs to add more processing machines to it, it is horizontally scaled.
However, if there are more features to be added, it is termed vertical expansion.
Now, in the case of CMS-based development, vertical expansion is comparatively less possible than in the development started from scratch using specific frameworks like Php or Python.
The choice of programming language is another aspect, however, the choice of technology is completely different. We may choose to get the solution built-in Php from scratch or we could use a CMS based on Php as well.
Know the urgency to deliver it
As we would always have different options to get the solution built, we sometimes have to choose the technology stack on the basis of urgency to deliver the product as well.
A product can be delivered in half the time with CMS development, it would take in developing the same solution from scratch using the same programming language. Therefore, sometimes, the urgency decides the technology but not the other factors.
Figure out the platform
As it is apparent that any solution is a website or an application would be built in a layered structure. The choice of tech stack also depends on the platform you are targeting for.
To say, if your solution is to be a mobile application, you would have to choose specific tech stacks suitable for the hybrid platform as a mobile platform is basically termed as a hybrid because both Android and iOS are to be included in it.
HTML5, PhoneGap, Xamarin are some of the mobile-friendly technology stacks however, Java, Objective C or Csharp, and Swift are some of the renowned applications that are used for Android and iOS mobile application development respectively.
Furthermore, if you can see that applications would always have two sides as client and server colloquially termed as front-end and back-end of an application.
What Is The Difference Between Front-end & Back-end?
Well, basically whatever we see on the screen, and could operate through either of the hardware devices such as mouse and keyboard like the cursor movement, the display of the screen, the scroll bar, the changing of mouse cursor into the hand sign on hover, etc. are front-end stuff.
And the brain behind all these operations is a back-end thing, we can say that.
To understand the back-end even better, just try to understand the fact that whenever the mouse cursor changes into a hand sign, there has to be some programming behind it for sure. Or, it would not have changed without it this way. Thus, the programming done for the operations to execute is back-end. And the programming done to visualize the things on the screen only is front-end programming.
Best Front-end and Back-end Frameworks (Tech Stack)
When the development has to be done in a single flow, which means for both front-end and back-end, it is often termed as full-stack development. Below, are some of the renowned development frameworks that are considered as one of the best technology stacks for full-stack development.
- Django- One of the best Python-based full-stack frameworks it is.
- Bootstrap- For designing purposes, it is a choice for many. A CSS-based framework for website development.
- Angular- For efficient graphical user interface results, AngularJS would be quite supportive and helpful.
- NodeJS + ExpressJS- To create hybrid web applications, NodeJS and ExpressJS are considered the best backend frameworks to develop the server end efficiently. Not to get confused with NodeJS and ExpressJS as both are just interlinked with each other.
ExpressJS is a framework based on Node whereas NodeJS is a platform itself for web application development.
In the Nutshell
As we witnessed that there are multiple factors that are responsible for the choice of tech stack of a solution.
If we try to sum up the entire theory we have gone through just, the tech stacks are basically divided in terms of front-end or back-end development. Some are specifically preferred for front-end development and some for the other.
Cost and security would be two other crucial factors that could influence the decision. Thus, make sure to pre-analyze the above-mentioned aspects very carefully before initiating any of the available and exciting options in the market.
We would rather invest our time on things to analyze rather than re-investing in the same thing to develop being wrong at the first time.