If you’re a diabetic patient, your body is not eligible to use and adequately process glucose from the food you eat. There are various types of diabetes; all sharing a common issue of having an extra amount of glucose in your bloodstream, but all have different causes. The most common and frequent type of diabetes is diabetes 2 type . There are many things about diabetes 2 type , which you should know to understand this disease better and avoid any future complications.
Type 2 Diabetes
In type 2 diabetes, your body’s blood sugar level increases to a dangerous level, and cells of your body cannot respond appropriately to the insulin formed in your body. This disease may also lead to a situation in the later stages of the condition where the body may not produce adequate insulin. If this disease is left untreated and uncontrolled, it may lead to several complications.
Type 2 Diabetes Causes
Various factors are there that can contribute to this disease, such as:
Family History: If you have genes of this disease in your family, there are more chances of getting this disease.
Weight: If you are overweight or fat, you may encounter this disease.
Age: Being 40 or older.
Inactivity: Sessile lifestyle may also lead to diabetes 2 type.
Malfunction of the Pancreas: The pancreas is incapable of manufacturing sufficient insulin to regulate blood sugar levels.
Resistance of Cells: Cells in fats, muscle, and the liver become resistant to insulin.
Race: Alaska Native, African American, American Indian, Latino\Hispanic, Asian American, Pacific Islander, or Native Hawaiian races have increased frequencies of diabetes.
Other Factors: Gestational diabetes, Polycystic ovary syndrome, high cholesterol, prediabetes, or raised blood pressure.
Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms
The symptoms of this disease arise slowly. Even there are chances that you can be living with this disease for many years without knowing about it. The main symptoms of the disease include:
- Frequent urination
- Increased thirst and hunger
- Slow-healing sores
- Unintentional weight loss
- Blurred vision
- Periodic infections
- Numbness in the hands or feet
- Areas of darkened skin, mainly on the neck and armpits
Type 2 Diabetes Prevention and Management
If left untreated and not managed well, Type 2 diabetes can further cause many serious complications leading to numerous signs and symptoms. But the great thing is that you can control these complications by adopting some preventive measures given below:
- Losing weight (7-10%)
- Getting active and doing exercise
- Avoiding inactivity for a long duration
- Eating right healthy food
- Checking sugar levels frequently
- Taking proper medication like insulin, tablets, and injections
- Avoiding smoking
Being a diabetic patient is not easy at all, as you have to make many sacrifices and decisions in your life to stay healthy. You can do many things to avoid the development of diabetes (except Type 1 diabetes). Take care of yourself properly. Good health is all you need to live a happy life.
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